The Revolution Route explores the formation of the military wings of the Pan African Congress (PAC) and the African National Congress (ANC).


There are two of South Africa’s key liberation movements: Umkhonto weSizwe (‘The Spear of the Nation’, also referred to as MK) of the ANC, and the Azanian People’s Liberation Army (initially called Poqo, meaning ‘alone’ or ‘pure’ in isiXhosa), of the PAC.


It also touches on the Bonteheuwel Military Wing, essentially the youth league of MK in Cape Town. The tour introduces us to some of the key role players in these organisations and journeys us through some of their operations in the Western Cape.


Nelson Mandela features: we touch on the tentative days of liberation, from his release from prison in 1990 to his first state of the nation address as president in 1994. But the bulk of the journey focuses on revolutionary figures we don’t hear much about Fred Carneson, first leader of MK in the Western Cape; Philip Kgosana, the 18 year old PAC activist that lead a silent march of 30 000 mean from Nyanga and Langa to Cape Town’s Caledon Square police station; Imam Haron, the revolutionary Imam who supported both the ANC and the PAC in their military struggles; Cissie Gool, the leader of the National Liberation League, and Ray Alexander, Communist Party secretary and fierce activist.


We meet some of the young soldiers who died in action, including Ashley Kriel, as well as Coline Williams and Robbie Waterwich, killed attempting to blow up the Athlone Magistrates court in 1989, in one of the final acts of sabotage by MK.


South Africa has hundreds of years of oppressive history prior to apartheid (1948 to 1994), and it would be amiss to not look at great stories of revolutionary struggle from other eras: such as Massavana of Madagascar, who lead a mutiny on board the Meerman slave ship, and was imprisoned on Robben Island, the same place that Nelson Mandela spent 18 years.


The Revolution Route, Cape Town, is a unique lens through which to discover the city, moving as it does spatially from the historic centre and economic capital, through places such as Langa, Athlone and Nyanga.


Highlights of this 4-hour tour:

– Nelson Mandela’s day of release and first speech as a free man
– the Langa Pass Museum
– extraordinary stories of revolution in Cape Town, against apartheid and against colonial regimes


Clean Travel believes that our innovative approach to tourism has the power to revitalise communities and provide financial security for its inhabitants. Find out more about Clean Travel here.

  • Destination

  • Departure

    Cape Town, Western Cape
Inclusions: - snacks - entrance fees - mineral water


Exclusions: - discretionary tips


Possible add ons: - Robben Island tour, featuring Nelson Mandela’s and Robert Sobukwe’s cells

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Coffeebeans Routes

Coffeebeans Routes works to showcase contemporary, urban, Africa.


We create travel experiences around urban stories in Cape Town and Johannesburg. These are contemporary, urban, African experiences that provide deep insights, and plenty of fun. We are a multi-award winning tour operator that lives for stories and nuance.



We splash story all over the canvas of tourism and Coffeebeans Routes are beautiful story tellers. Stories are our currency, our stories are the equalisers, our stories shift the balance of power. And tourism is our playground to share the stories of African cities.


Coffeebeans Routes create and sell original tourism experiences in South Africa, from half-day music and creativity tours to fourteen-day long specialist programmes. Their in-house creative destination management service, Creative Travel Africa, packages this original content into itineraries including accommodation and wilderness, beach or safari options.


If you want to explore between the lines, beyond the mountain, and over the rainbow, then check in with Coffeebeans Routes.


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